Hungary first formed as a state in the year 1000, when King Istvan (Stephen) was crowned. About 200 years later the Mongols invaded eastern Europe, including Hungary, during the dynamic westward expansion of the Mongol Empire and of course left the country a complete mess. It was after this that the rulers of the country decided to invest time and effort in a stronger defense mechanism and this is how the first fortified castles appeared.

Continue reading